Nanomedicine, Volume I: Basic Capabilities

© 1999 Robert A. Freitas Jr. All Rights Reserved.

Robert A. Freitas Jr., Nanomedicine, Volume I: Basic Capabilities, Landes Bioscience, Georgetown, TX, 1999


List of Tables

Table 1.1. Average Age of Death of Persons Buried in Roman Times

Table 1.2. Leading Causes of Death in the United States, 1890 vs. 1990

Table 1.3. Comparison of Macroscale and Biomolecular Components and Functions

Table 1.4. Medical Challenges of Increasing Difficulty and Possible Approaches

Table 2.1. Information Required to Describe Some Self-Replicating Systems

Table 3.1. Estimated Atomic Composition of the Lean 70-kg Male Human Body

Table 3.2. Estimated Gross Molecular Contents of a Typical 20-micron Human Cell

Table 3.3. Translational Brownian Diffusion Coefficients for Physiologically Important Molecules Suspended in Water at 310 K

Table 3.4. Estimated Time for Diffusion to Reach 90% Completion for Glycine in Aqueous Solution at 310 K

Table 3.5. Sedimentation Coefficients for Particles in Aqueous Suspension at 310 K

Table 3.6. Maximum Binding Energy Available in a Dispersion-Force Receptor with 0.3-nm Contact Boundary for CHON Target Molecules of Various Sizes

Table 4.1. Isotopic Variation in Bulk Properties Possibly Useful in Nanomedicine

Table 4.2. Amplitude Absorption Coefficients for Acoustic Waves in Human Body Tissue

Table 4.3. Acoustic Impedance for Specular Reflection by Acoustic Waves Crossing a Material Interface

Table 5.1. Geometrical Factors for Bloodstream-Traversing Nanorobots of Maximum Volume with Largest Transdevice Diameter Ln = 4 microns

Table 6.1. Energy Storage Density for Various Chemical Fuels

Table 6.2. Energy Conversion Matrix: Power Transduction Technologies That Convert One Form of Energy Into Another

Table 6.3. Estimated Acoustic Energy Available From Physiological Sources Within the Human Body

Table 6.4. Estimated Chemical Energy Resources in the Human Body

Table 6.5. Volumetric Radioactive Power Density of Various Radionuclides

Table 6.6. Acoustic Energy Reflected and Transmitted at Various Tissue Interfaces

Table 6.7. Velocity of Sound in Various Organs and Biological Materials at 310 K

Table 6.8. Estimated Power Output and Measured Power Density of Biological Cells and Human Tissues

Table 7.1. Temporal Signature of A Detectable Mechanical Pulse Conducted Mostly Through Bone, which is Applied to One Finger and Received by Nanorobot Sensors Distally Located in Each of the Five Fingers of the Hand

Table 7.2. The Four Major Classes of Human Cell Secretory Signaling Molecules

Table 7.3. Tactile Receptors in the Human Skin

Table 8.1. Approximate Quantification of the Human Arteriovenous System

Table 8.2. Additional Data on Selected Blood Vessels

Table 8.3. Branching Structure of the Pulmonary Arterial Network Entering the Lungs

Table 8.4. Typical Blood Perfusion Rates for Various Tissues and Organs

Table 8.5. Approximate Quantification of the Human Lymphatic System

Table 8.6. Chemical Composition of Human Thoracic Lymph

Table 8.7. Approximate Quantification of the Human Bronchial System

Table 8.8. Approximate Quantification of the Human Alimentary System

Table 8.9. Mass, Volume, and Scale Size of the Organs of the Human Body

Table 8.10. Vitamin Concentration in Various Human Organs

Table 8.11. Core Temperatures of Organs and Blood Vessels in the Human Body

Table 8.12. Thermophysical Characteristics of Various Body Tissues, Organs, and Other Materials

Table 8.13. Recognized HLA Specificities

Table 8.14. Blood Group Systems and Antigen Collections Recognized in 1997

Table 8.15. Complete Listing of Recognized Human Platelet Alloantigen (HPA) Systems

Table 8.16. Unique and Shared Antigenic Surface Markers of Hepatopoietic and Hemopoietic Human Cells

Table 8.17. Approximate Quantification of the Components of a Typical 20-micron Human Cell

Table 8.18. Mass % Biochemical Composition of Cell and Organelle Membranes

Table 8.19. Some Species of Stable RNAs and their Localizations in Human Cells

Table 9.1. Hamaker Constant for Various Materials

Table 9.2. Henry's Law Constants

Table 9.3. Mechanical Strength of Nanomedical Materials

Table 9.4. Absolute Viscosity of Some Common Materials

Table 9.5. Conservatively Estimated Force, Power, and Power Density for Hovering and Flying Spherical Nanorobots as a Function of Size and Velocity

Table 10.1. Van der Waals Equation Gas Constants

Table 10.2. Gas Molecules Packed into a Pressure Vessel: Number Density as a Function of Pressure at 310 K, using the van der Waals Equation

Table 10.3. Biological and Biochemical Effects of High Pressure

Table 10.4. Organic Compounds Affecting Eukaryotic Cell Division at Specific Phases of Mitosis

Table 10.5. Inhibitors of Protein or RNA Synthesis

Table 10.6. Summary of Biochemical Composition and Net Digestion Breakdown Products of a Representative 4-micron3 Bacterium

Table 10.7. Molal Freezing and Boiling Point Constants

Table 10.8. Molar Heats of Fusion and Vaporization


Last updated on 14 February 2003