Nanomedicine, Volume IIA: Biocompatibility

© 2003 Robert A. Freitas Jr. All Rights Reserved.

Robert A. Freitas Jr., Nanomedicine, Volume IIA: Biocompatibility, Landes Bioscience, Georgetown, TX, 2003


References 1-99

1. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Nanomedicine, Volume I: Basic Capabilities, Landes Bioscience, Austin, TX, 1999;

2. Richard P. Terra, “Nanomedicine: A Classic-In-The-Making. Multi-Volume Work Examines Medical Applications of MNT,” Foresight Update No. 38, 30 September 1999, pp. 1, 9, 13;

3. Gregory M. Fahy, Ph.D., “A Gift From The Future,” Life Extension Magazine, October 2000;

4. Alex M. Andrew, “Book Reviews. Nanomedicine, Volume I: Basic Capabilities,” Robotica 18(December 2000):687-688.

5. Lawrence Rosenberg, M.D., Ph.D., “A Review of Nanomedicine,” New Surgery, Spring 2001; Also posted as an Customer Review, December 2000;

7. Robert A. Freitas Jr., William P. Gilbreath, eds., Advanced Automation for Space Missions, Proceedings of the 1980 NASA/ASEE Summer Study held at the University of Santa Clara, Santa Clara, CA, June 23-August 29, 1980; NASA Conference Publication CP-2255, November 1982; Section 5.5;

8. K. Eric Drexler, Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology, Anchor Press/Doubleday, New York, 1986;

9. Ralph C. Merkle, "Self replication and nanotechnology," see at:

10. K. Eric Drexler, Nanosystems: Molecular Machinery, Manufacturing, and Computation, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1992.

20. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Is Diamond Biocompatible With Living Cells?” Foresight Update No. 39, 30 December 1999, pp. 7-9;

21. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Some Limits to Global Ecophagy by Biovorous Nanoreplicators, with Public Policy Recommendations,” Zyvex preprint, April 2000; and; Robert A. Freitas Jr., “The gray goo problem,” excerpted version published on, 20 March 2002;

22. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Clottocytes: Artificial Mechanical Platelets,” Foresight Update No. 41, 30 June 2000, pp. 9-11; and

23. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Say Ah!” The Sciences 40(July/August 2000):26-31; and

24. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Will Serum Proteins Stick to Nanorobot Surfaces?” Foresight Update No. 42, 30 September 2000, pp. 12-14;

25. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanodentistry,” J. Amer. Dent. Assoc. 131(November 2000):1559-1566 (cover story); (abstract); or (paper); (extract).

26. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “How Nanorobots Can Avoid Phagocytosis by White Cells – Part I,” Foresight Update No. 45, 30 June 2001, pp. 10-12;

27. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “How Nanorobots Can Avoid Phagocytosis by White Cells – Part II,” Foresight Update No. 46, 30 September 2001, pp. 18-20;

28. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Robots in the bloodstream: the promise of nanomedicine,” Pathways, The Novartis Journal 2(October-December 2001):36-41; and

29. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Volumetric Cellular Intrusiveness of Medical Nanorobots,” Foresight Update No. 47, 31 December 2001, pp. 7-9;

30. K. Eric Drexler, David Forrest, Robert A. Freitas Jr., J. Storrs Hall, Neil Jacobstein, Tom McKendree, Ralph Merkle, Christine Peterson, “On Physics, Fundamentals, and Nanorobots: A Rebuttal to Smalley’s Assertion that Self-Replicating Mechanical Nanorobots Are Simply Not Possible,” Institute for Molecular Manufacturing, 2001;

31. K. Eric Drexler, David Forrest, Robert A. Freitas Jr., J. Storrs Hall, Neil Jacobstein, Tom McKendree, Ralph Merkle, Christine Peterson, “Many Future Nanomachines: A Rebuttal to Whiteside’s Assertion That Mechanical Molecular Assemblers Are Not Workable and Not A Concern,” Institute for Molecular Manufacturing, 2001;

32. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “The future of nanofabrication and molecular scale devices in nanomedicine,” Studies in Health Technol. Informatics 80(2002):45-59; “The Future of Nanofabrication and Molecular Scale Devices in Nanomedicine,” in Renata G. Bushko, ed., Future of Health Technology, IOS Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2002, pp. 45-59; (abstract); (paper).

33. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Could Medical Nanorobots Be Carcinogenic?” Foresight Update No. 49, August 2002, pp. 8-9;

34. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Is Sapphire Biocompatible With Living Cells?” Foresight Update No. 50, December 2002, pp. 15-17;

35. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C. Merkle, Kinematic Self-Replicating Machines, Landes Bioscience, Austin, TX, 2004 (in press);

36. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C. Merkle, Diamond Surfaces and Diamond Mechanosynthesis, 2004 (in preparation);

38. “NIH Guidelines for Research Involving Recombinant DNA Molecules,” January 1996 revision, see at:

39. Foresight Institute, “Molecular Nanotechnology Guidelines,” June 2000;

40. Hans Moravec, Mind Children: The Future of Robot and Human Intelligence, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1988.

41. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “The future of computers,” Analog 116(March 1996):57-73;

42. Raymond Kurzweil, The Age of Spiritual Machines, Viking Press, New York, 1999.

43. S.A. Kauffman, “Metabolic stability and epigenesis in randomly constructed genetic nets,” J. Theoret. Biol. 2(1961):204-235.

44. Thomas C. Schelling, Micromotives and Macrobehavior, Norton, New York, 1978.

45. Eric Bonabeau, Marco Dorigo, Guy Theraulaz, Swarm Intelligence: From Natural to Artificial Systems, Oxford University Press, New York, 1999.

46. Jacques Ferber, Multi-Agent Systems: An Introduction to Distributed Artificial Intelligence, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1999.

47. James Kennedy, Russell C. Eberhart, Swarm Intelligence, Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 2001.

48. Greg Bear, “Blood Music,” Analog 103(June 1983):12-36; Greg Bear, Blood Music, William Morrow & Co., NY, 1985.

49. “The New Breed,” Outer Limits, 1996;

50. Michael Crichton, Prey, HarperCollins Publishers, New York, 2002.

55. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Will Intracellular Medical Nanorobots Disrupt the Cytoskeleton (Part I)?” Foresight Update No. 51, March 2003, pp. 15-17;

63. Robert C. Weast, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 49th Edition, CRC, Cleveland OH, 1968.

96. Sir Thomas Browne, “Compendiously of sundry other common Tenents, concerning Mineral and Terreous Bodies, which examined, prove either false or dubious,” Pseudodoxia Epidemica, Book II, Chapter V, 1646; 6th Edition, 1672;

97. Stanley D. Korfmacher, “The Lure and Lore of Gemstones,” lecture to The Fortnightly Club, Redlands CA, 14 May 1998, Meeting #1604;

98. Benjamin Mark, “That Poisonous Thing Called Diamond”;

99. Peter Fenton, “Interview with Dr. Sonam Wangdu Changbhar, Tibetan Herbal Clinic, Calcutta,” Ayur Vijnana 5(Autumn 1998);


Last updated on 16 April 2004