Nanomedicine, Volume IIA: Biocompatibility

© 2003 Robert A. Freitas Jr. All Rights Reserved.

Robert A. Freitas Jr., Nanomedicine, Volume IIA: Biocompatibility, Landes Bioscience, Georgetown, TX, 2003


References 1100-1199

1100. Yasuhiko Ohsawa, Tetsuo Saji, “Electrochemical Detection of C606- at Low Temperature,” J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. (1992):781-782.

1101. G.A. Parks, “The isoelectric points of solid oxides, solid hydroxides, and aqueous hydroxo complex systems,” Chem. Review 65(1965):117-198.

1102. L. Bousse, N. De Rooij, P. Bergveld, “Operation of chemically-sensitive field-effect sensors as a function of the insulator-electrolyte interface,” IEEE Trans. ED-30(1983):1263-1270.

1103. Y. Nakashima, T. Shuto, K. Hayashi, T. Hotokebuchi, K. Yasuda, Y. Sugioka, “The stimulatory effects of ceramic particles on the production of the bone-resorbing mediators in vitro,” Trans. Orthop. Res. Soc. 20(1995):780.

1104. Y. Josset, Z. Oum’Hamad, A. Zarrinpour, M. Lorenzato, J.J. Adnet, D. Laurent-Maquin, “In vitro reactions of human osteoblasts in culture with zirconia and alumina ceramics,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 47(15 December 1999):481-493.

1105. J.M. Dorlot, P. Christel, A. Meunier, “Wear analysis of retrieved alumina heads and sockets of hip prosthesis,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 23(1989):299-310.

1106. S. Lerouge, O. Huk, L.’H. Yahia, L. Sedel, “Characterization of in vivo wear debris from ceramic-ceramic total hip arthroplasties,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 32(1996):627-633; “Ceramic-ceramic and metal-polyethylene total hip replacements. Comparison of pseudomembranes after loosening,” J. Bone Joint Surg. 79-B(1997):135-139.

1107. H. Lang, T.H. Mertens, “The use of cultures of human osteoblastlike cells as an in vitro test system for dental materials,” J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. 48(June 1990):606-611.

1108. W.E. Nesbitt, R.J. Doyle, K.G. Taylor, “Hydrophobic interactions and the adherence of Streptococcus sanguis to hydroxylapatite,” Infect. Immun. 38(November 1982):637-644.

1109. E. Weiss, M. Rosenberg, H. Judes, E. Rosenberg, “Cell-surface hydrophobicity of adherent oral bacteria,” Curr. Microbiol. 7(1982):125-128; E. Weiss, H. Judes, M. Rosenberg, “Adherence of a non-oral hydrophobic bacterium to the human tooth surface,” Refu. Hashinayim 3(January 1985):11-13; M. Rosenberg, H. Judes, E. Weiss, “Cell surface hydrophobicity of dental plaque microorganisms in situ,” Infect. Immun. 42(November 1983):831-834.

1110. S. Minagi, Y. Miyake, K. Inagaki, H. Tsuru, H. Suginaka, “Hydrophobic interaction in Candida albicans and Candida tropicalis adherence to various denture base resin materials,” Infect. Immun. 47(January 1985):11-14.

1111. A. Dekker, K. Reitsma, T. Beugeling, A. Bantjes, J. Feijen, W.G. van Aken, “Adhesion of endothelial cells and adsorption of serum proteins on gas plasma-treated polytetrafluoroethylene,” Biomaterials 12(1991):130-138.

1112. K.N. Ekdahl, B. Nilsson, C.G. Golander, H. Elwing, B. Lasen, U.R. Nilsson, “Complement activation on radio frequency plasma-modified polystyrene surfaces,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 158(1993):121-128.

1113. V. Panchalingam, B. Poon, H.-H. Huo, C.R. Savage, R.B. Timmons, R.C. Eberhart, “Molecular surface tailoring of biomaterials via pulsed RF plasma discharge,” J. Biomater. Sci. Polm. Edn. 5(1993):131-145.

1114. J.L. Bohnert, B.C. Fowler, T.A. Horbett, A.S. Hoffman, “Plasma gas discharge deposited fluorocarbon polymers exhibit reduced elutability of adsorbed albumin and fibrinogen,” J. Biomater. Sci. Polym. Edn. 1(1990):279-297.

1115. M.R. Brown, D.G. Allison, P. Gilbert, “Resistance of bacterial biofilm to antibiotics: A growth-rate related effect?” J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 20(1988):777-783.

1116. H. Anwar, M. Dasgupta, J.W. Costerton, “Testing the susceptibility of bacteria in biofilms to antibacterial agents,” Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 34(1990):2043-2046.

1117. P.S. Stewart, “Biofilm accumulation model that predicts antibiotic resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms,” Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 38(1994):1052-1058.

1118. P. Gilbert, M.R.W. Brown, “Influence of growth rate and nutrient limitation on the gross cellular composition of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and its resistance to 3- and 4-chlorophenol,” J. Bacteriol. 133(1978):1066-1072.

1119. M.R.W. Brown, P.J. Collier, P. Gilbert, “Influence of growth rate on susceptibility to antimicrobial agents: modification of the cell envelope and batch and continuous culture studies,” Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 34(1990):1623-1628.

1120. R.H. Eng, F.T. Padberg, S.M. Smith, E.N. Tan, C.E. Cherubin, “Bactericidal effects of antibiotics on slowly growing and non-growing bacteria,” Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 35(1991):1824-1828.

1121. V. Deretic, M.J. Schurr, J.C. Boucher, “Conversion of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to mucoidy in cystic fibrosis: environmental stress and regulation of bacterial virulence by alternative sigma factor,” J. Bacteriol. 176(1994):2773-2780.

1122. W.G. Pitt, M.O. McBride, J.K. Lunceford, R.J. Roper, R.D. Sagers, “Ultrasonic enhancement of antibiotic action on Gram-negative bacteria,” Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 38(November 1994):2577-2582.

1123. Zhen Qian, P. Stoodley, William G. Pitt, “Effect of low-intensity ultrasound upon biofilm structure from confocal scanning laser microscopy observation,” Biomaterials 17(October 1996):1975-1980.

1124. Zhen Qian, “Antibiotic and ultrasonic treatment of bacterial biofilm, M.S. Thesis, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, 1996.

1125. Zhen Qian, Richard D. Sagers, William G. Pitt, “The effect of ultrasonic frequency upon enhanced killing of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms,” Ann. Biomed. Eng. 25(January-February 1997):69-76.

1126. R.G. Williams, W.G. Pitt, “In vitro response of Escherichia coli to antibiotics and ultrasound at various insonation intensities,” J. Biomater. Appl. 12(July 1997):20-30.

1127. Zhen Qian, Richard D. Sagers, William G. Pitt, “The role of insonation intensity in acoustic enhanced antibiotic treatment of bacterial biofilms,” Colloids Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 9(1997):239-245.

1128. L.L. Johnson, R.V. Peterson, W.G. Pitt, “Treatment of bacterial biofilms on polymeric biomaterials using antibiotics and ultrasound,” J. Biomater. Sci. Polym. Ed. 9(1998):1177-1185.

1129. A.M. Rediske, N. Rapoport, W.G. Pitt, “Reducing bacterial resistance to antibiotics with ultrasound,” Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 28(January 1999):81-84.

1130. Zhen Qian, Richard D. Sagers, William G. Pitt, “Investigation of the mechanism of the bioacoustic effect,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 44(February 1999):198-205.

1131. A.M. Rediske, B.L. Roeder, M.K. Brown, J.L. Nelson, R.L. Robison, D.O. Draper, G.B. Schaalje, R.A. Robison, W.G. Pitt, “Ultrasonic enhancement of antibiotic action on Escherichia coli biofilms: an in vivo model,” Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 43(May 1999):1211-1214; See also: A.M. Rediske, B.L. Roeder, J.L. Nelson, R.L. Robison, G.B. Schaalje, R.A. Robison, W.G. Pitt, “Pulsed ultrasound enhances the killing of Escherichia coli biofilms by aminoglycoside antibiotics in vivo,” Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 44(March 2000):771-772;

1132. S.A. Blenkinsopp, A.E. Khoury, J.W. Costerton, “Electrical enhancement of biocide efficiacy against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms,” Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58(November 1992):3770-3773.

1133. J.W. Costerton, B. Ellis, K. Lam, F. Johnson, A.E. Khoury, “Mechanism of electrical enhancement of efficacy of antibiotics in killing biofilm bacteria,” Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 38(December 1994):2803-2809.

1134. J. Belehradek, S. Orlowski, L.H. Ramirez, G. Pron, B. Poddevin, C.W. Mir, “Electropermeabilization of cells in tissue assessed by the qualitative and quantitative electroloading of bleomycin,” Biochem. Biophys. Acta 1190(1994):155-163.

1135. J. Jass, J.W. Costerton, H.M. Lappin-Scott, “The effect of electrical currents and tobramycin on Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms,” J. Ind. Microbiol. 15(September 1995):234-242.

1136. N. Wellman, S.M. Fortun, B.R. McLeod, “Bacterial biofilms and the bioelectric effect,” Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 40(September 1996):2012-2014.

1137. J. Jass, H.M. Lappin-Scott, “The efficacy of antibiotics enhanced by electrical currents against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms,” J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 38(December 1996):987-1000.

1138. P.S. Stewart, W. Wattanakaroon, L. Goodrum, S.M. Fortun, B.R. McLeod, “Electrolytic generation of oxygen partially explains electrical enhancement of tobramycin efficacy against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm,” Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 43(February 1999):292-296.

1139. B.R. McLeod, S. Fortun, J.W. Costerton, P.S. Stewart, “Enhanced bacterial biofilm control using electromagnetic fields in combination with antibiotics,” Methods Enzymol. 310(1999):656-670.

1140. D.E. Benson, C.B. Grissom, G.L. Burns, S.F. Mohammad, “Magnetic field enhancement of antibiotic activity in biofilm forming Pseudomonas aeruginosa,” ASAIO J. 40(July-September 1994):M371-M376.

1141. Liliana Werner, Jean-Marc Legeais, Marie-Danielle Nagel, Gilles Renard, “Evaluation of Teflon-coated intraocular lenses in an organ culture method,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 46(1999):347-354.

1142. M. Frant, K. Liefeith, N. Hassmann, J. Bossert, “Surface energetical and cell biological characterization of ceramic biomaterials within the ternary system Al2O3/SiO2/TiO2,” Materialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik 30(January 1999):24-31. In German.

1143. J.A. Hyde, J.A. Chinn, R.E. Phillips Jr., “Polymer Heart Valves,” J. Heart Valve Dis. 8(May 1999):331-339.

1144. S. Reich, M. Levy, A. Meshorer, etal, “Intraocular-lens-endothelial interface: Adhesive force measurements,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 18(1984):737-744.

1145. D.R. Absolom, C. Thomson, L.A. Hawthorn, W. Zingg, A.W. Neumann, “Kinetics of cell adhesion to polymer surfaces,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 22(1988):215-229.

1146. C.M. Cunanan, N.M. Tarbaux, P.M. Knight, “Surface properties of intraocular lens materials and their influence on in vitro cell adhesion,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 17(1991):767-773.

1147. Frederick J. Schoen, Robert J. Levy, “Tissue Heart Valves: Current Challenges and Future Research Perspectives,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 47(15 December 1999):439-465. See also: F.J. Schoen, “Approach to the analysis of cardiac valve prostheses as surgical pathology or autopsy specimens,” Cardiovasc. Pathol. 4(1995):2241-255.

1148. G.L. Grunkemeier, S.H. Rahimtoola, “Artificial heart valves,” Annu. Rev. Med. 41(1990):251-263.

1149. W.R. Jamieson, “Modern cardiac valve devices – bioprostheses and mechanical prostheses: state of the art,” J. Cardiac Surg. 8(January 1993):89-98.

1150. J. Turina, O.M. Hess, M. Turina, H.P. Krayenbuehl, “Cardiac bioprostheses in the 1990s,” Circulation 88(August 1993):775-781.

1151. W. Vongpatanasin, L.D. Hillis, R.A. Lange, “Prosthetic heart valves,” N. Engl. J. Med. 335(8 August 1996):407-416.

1152. J.A. Wernly, M.H. Crawford, “Choosing a prosthetic heart valve,” Cardiol. Clin. 16(August 1998):491-504.

1153. L.J. Albert, R.D. Inman, “Molecular mimicry and autoimmunity,” N. Engl. J. Med. 341(30 December 1999):2068-2074.

1154. A.E. Karlsen, T. Dyrberg, “Molecular mimicry between non-self, modified self and self in autoimmunity,” Semin. Immunol. 10(February 1998):25-34.

1155. G.H. Ring, F.G. Lakkis, “Breakdown of self-tolerance and the pathogenesis of autoimmunity,” Semin. Nephrol. 19(January 1999):25-33.

1156. V.K. Singh, K. Nagaraju, “Experimental autoimmune uveitis: molecular mimicry and oral tolerance,” Immunol. Res. 15(1996):323-346.

1157. A.F. von Recum, H. Imamura, P.S. Freed, A. Kantrowitz, S.T. Chen, M.E. Ekstrom, C.A. Baechler, M.I. Barnhart, “Biocompatibility tests of components of an implantable cardiac assist device,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 12(September 1978):743-765.

1158. A. Ammar, C. Lagenaur, P. Jannetta, “Neural tissue compatibility of Teflon as an implant material for microvascular decompression,” Neurosurg. Rev. 13(1990):299-303.

1159. J.E. Coleman, C.S. McEnroe, J.A. Gelfand, R.J. Connolly, A.D. Callow, “Complement activation by vascular sutures both alone and in combination with synthetic vascular prostheses,” Eur. J. Vasc. Surg. 5(June 1991):287-290.

1160. R.J. Streck, E.L. Hurley, D.A. Epstein, J.L. Pauly, “Tumour-cytolytic human monocyte-derived macrophages: a simple and efficient method for the generation and long-term cultivation as non-adherent cells in a serum-free medium,” Res. Immunol. 143(January 1992):79-88.

1161. G.A. Campbell, L.G. Adams, “The long-term culture of bovine monocyte-derived macrophages and their use in the study of intracellular proliferation of Brucella abortus,” Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 34(November 1992):291-305.

1162. J.W. van der Meer, J.S. van de Gevel, R. van Furth R, “Characteristics of long-term cultures of proliferating, mononuclear phagocytes from bone marrow,” J. Reticuloendothel. Soc. 34(September 1983):203-225.

1163. H.C. Stevenson, E. Schlick, R. Griffith, M.A. Chirigos, R. Brown, J. Conlon, D.J. Kanapa, R.K. Oldham, P. Miller, “Characterization of biological response modifier release by human monocytes cultured in suspension in serum-free medium,” J. Immunol. Methods 70(25 May 1984):245-255.

1164. R. Andreesen, J. Picht, G.W. Lohr, “Primary cultures of human blood-born macrophages grown on hydrophobic teflon membranes,” J. Immunol. Methods 56(11 February 1983):295-304.

1165. R. Andreesen, A. Mackensen, J. Osterholz, W. Brugger, G.W. Lohr, “Microculture assay for human macrophage maturation in vitro. Cell-ELISA analysis of differentiation antigen expression,” Int. Arch. Allergy Appl. Immunol. 86(1988):281-287.

1166. W.E. Berdel, U. Fink, E. Thiel, K. Stunkel, E. Greiner, G. Schwarzkopf, A. Reichert, J. Rastetter, “Purification of human monocytes by adherence to polymeric fluorocarbon. Characterization of the monocyte-enriched cell fraction,” Immunobiology 163(December 1982):511-520.

1167. M.P. Elliott, G.L. Juler, “Comparison of Marlex mesh and microporous teflon sheets when used for hernia repair in the experimental animal,” Am. J. Surg. 137(March 1979):342-344.

1168. J.R. Bottema, C.H. Wildevuur, “Incorporation of microporous Teflon tracheal prostheses in rabbits: evaluation of surgical aspects,” J. Surg. Res. 41(July 1986):16-23.

1169. B.M. Soares, M.W. King, Y. Marois, R.G. Guidoin, G. Laroche, J. Charara, J.F. Girard, “In vitro characterization of a fluoropassivated gelatin-impregnated polyester mesh for hernia repair,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 32(October 1996):259-270.

1170. L.D. Andreeva, E.P. Tarutta, E.N. Iomdina, G.A. Markosian, A.V. Lazuk, O.A. Kiseleva, “The morphological characteristics of the take of synthetic transplants following experimental scleroplasty,” Vestn. Oftalmol. 115(May-June 1999):15-18. In Russian.

1171. V. Jallet, S.E. Gautier, J.M. Parel, T. Matsui, I. Haefliger, H. Kondo, H. Kato, M. Savoldelli, Y. Pouliquen, “Novel synthetic meshwork for glaucoma treatment. I. Design and preliminary in vitro and in vivo evaluation of various expanded poly(tetrafluoroethylene) materials,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 47(November 1999):260-269.

1172. M.G. Gabridge, M.F. Gladd, “Gaseous oxide toxicity evaluated with cell monolayers on collagen-coated, gas-permeable teflon membranes,” Environ. Health Perspect. 54(March 1984):347-352.

1173. Y. Aida, M.J. Pabst, “Neutrophil responses to lipopolysaccharide. Effect of adherence on triggering and priming of the respiratory burst,” J. Immunol. 146(15 February 1991):1271-1276.

1174. H. Nakajima, J.C. Wataha, L.C. Rockwell, T. Okabe, “In vitro cytotoxicity of amalgams made with binary Hg-In liquid alloys,” Dent. Mater. 13(May 1997):168-173.

1175. S.K. Nelson, J.C. Wataha, A.M. Neme, R.M. Cibirka, P.E. Lockwood, “Cytotoxicity of dental casting alloys pretreated with biologic solutions,” J. Prosthet. Dent. 81(May 1999):591-596.

1176. N.M. Mohsen, R.G. Craig, C.T. Hanks, “Cytotoxicity of urethane dimethacrylate composites before and after aging and leaching,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 39(February 1998):252-260.

1177. S.K. Nelson, J.C. Wataha, P.E. Lockwood, “Accelerated toxicity testing of casting alloys and reduction of intraoral release of elements,” J. Prosthet. Dent. 81(June 1999):715-720.

1178. J.C. Wataha, P.E. Lockwood, M. Marek, M. Ghazi, “Ability of Ni-containing biomedical alloys to activate monocytes and endothelial cells in vitro,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 45(June 1999):251-257; E. Imbert, A.A. Poot, C.G. Figdor, J. Feijen, “Expression of leukocyte adhesion molecules by endothelial cells seeded on various polymer surfaces,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 56(5 September 2001):376-381.

1179. S. Menard, G.D. Porta, “Incidence, growth and antigenicity of fibrosarcomas induced by Teflon disc in mice,” Tumori. 62(September-October 1976):565-573.

1180. R.D. Offeman, M.C. Williams, “Shear-induced hemolysis: effects of blood chemistry (including aging in storage) and shearing surfaces,” Biomater. Med. Devices Artif. Organs 4(1976):49-79.

1181. P.C. Bragt, I.L. Bonta, M.J. Adolfs, “Cannulated teflon chamber implant in the rat: a new model for continuous studies on granulomatous inflammation,” J. Pharmacol. Methods 3(January 1980):51-61.

1182. U.A. Schneider, V. Haussener, V. Geret, P. Gehr, “Histologic investigations of PTFE-surface acting for direct tissue contact on implants,” Z. Orthop. Ihre. Grenzgeb. 118(October 1980):788-792. In German.

1183. G. Zaborski, W. Szot, “Evaluation of the usefulness of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) prosthesis in cranioplasty. Experimental studies,” Polim. Med. 17(1987):117-122. In Polish.

1184. G. Lopez-Lopez, A. Pascual, E.J. Perea, “Effect of plastic catheters on the phagocytic activity of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes,” Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 9(May 1990):324-328.

1185. P.B. Lindberg, L. Matsson, B. Klinge, R. Attstrom, “A new experimental model for studies of local inflammatory reactions,” Swed. Dent. J. 15(1991):235-243.

1186. P. Borgstrom-Lindberg, L. Matsson, B. Klinge, R. Attstrom, “Local inflammatory reactions in juvenile and adult rats,” Swed. Dent. J. 17(1993):95-101.

1187. R.C. Wood, E.L. LeCluyse, J.A. Fix, “Assessment of a model for measuring drug diffusion through implant-generated fibrous capsule membranes,” Biomaterials 16(August 1995):957-959.

1188. K.G. Raphael, J.J. Marbach, L.M. Wolford, S.E. Keller, J.A. Bartlett, “Self-reported systemic, immune-mediated disorders in patients with and without proplast-teflon implants of the temporomandibular joint,” J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. 57(April 1999):364-370, 370-371 (discussion).

1189. H. Nygren, M. Braide, C. Karlsson, “Different kinetics of the respiratory burst response in granulocytes, induced by serum from blood coagulated in contact with polymer materials,” Biomaterials 21(January 2000):173-182.

1190. J.L. Brun, L. Bordenave, F. Lefebvre, R. Bareille, C. Barbie, F. Rouais, C.H. Baquey, “Physical and biological characteristics of the main biomaterials used in pelvic surgery,” Biomed. Mater. Eng. 2(Winter 1992):203-225.

1191. G. Uretzky, J. Appelbaum, J. Sela, “Inhibition of the inductive activity of demineralized bone matrix by different percutaneous implants,” Biomaterials 9(March 1988):195-197.

1192. Y.S. Yeh, Y. Iriyama, Y. Matsuzawa, S.R. Hanson, H. Yasuda, “Blood compatibility of surfaces modified by plasma polymerization,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 22(September 1988):795-818.

1193. J.I. Salonen, G.R. Persson, “Migration of epithelial cells on materials used in guided tissue regeneration,” J. Periodontal Res. 25(July 1990):215-221.

1194. P.K. Amid, A.G. Shulman, I.L. Lichtenstein, M. Hakakha, “Biomaterials and hernia surgery. Rationale for using them,” Rev. Esp. Enferm. Dig. 87(August 1995):582-586. In Spanish.

1195. P. Swartbol, H. Parsson, L. Nassberger, L. Norgren, “Metabolic response of blood cells to synthetic graft-materials with special reference to a Fluoromer Passivated Dacron graft. An in vitro study using microcalorimetry,” Int. J. Artif. Organs 18(July 1995):372-379.

1196. J.W. Karesh, M.A. Fabrega, M.M. Rodrigues, “Interpositional polytetrafluoroethylene grafts. Conjunctival biocompatibility,” Ophthal. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 7(1991):278-283.

1197. J.W. Karesh, “Polytetrafluoroethylene as a graft material in ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery. An experimental and clinical study,” Ophthal. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 3(1987):179-185.

1198. S.H. Kaufmann, E. Hug, U. Vath, G. De Libero, “Specific lysis of Listeria monocytogenes-infected macrophages by class II-restricted L3T4+ T cells,” Eur. J. Immunol. 17(February 1987):237-246.

1199. J. Knop, U. Malorny, E. Macher, “Selective induction of delayed hypersensitivity T-effector and T-suppressor lymphocytes in vitro by haptenized bone marrow-derived macrophages,” Cell Immunol. 88(15 October 1984):411-420.


Last updated on 16 April 2004